Operations by United States Army Rangers have been carried out since the Colonial American time period and groups of Rangers played an integral part in securing American independence. Army Ranger history predates the American Revolution. Rangers have served the United States in military campaigns, operations and wars since the founding of the country (with the exception of the approximately half-century period after the Civil War, when there were no ranger units in the US) including WWII, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, Afghanistan, Iraq and the continuing Global War on Terrorism.
The 75th Ranger Regiment was officially established in February of 1986 and is currently headquartered out of Fort Benning, Georgia. Their Special Troops Battalion and 3rd Ranger Battalion are also located at Fort Benning. The 75th Rangers are an elite, light infantry, airborne division of the United States Army, Special Operations Command. Sua Sponte is the 75th Ranger’s motto (which is Latin for “Of their own accord”). The Regiment’s main goal is to carry out special missions all over the world, operating in sensitive or hostile environments. The missions the Regiment is assigned to often include the capturing or killing of important targets.
To ensure all volunteers are suited to successfully carrying out such highly specialized operations, selection requirements for the 75th Ranger Regiment are rigorous. To be considered for selection in the 75th Rangers, every volunteer must have high marks (over 105) on their General Technical Score and their Physical Training Score must be over 240. As part of the 75th Rangers Regiment, all enlisted soldiers and officers receive unparalleled opportunities for continuing education. Rangers are required to take part in rigorous, ongoing training so they can be ready to be deployed worldwide within 18 hours of an assignment. Members are threefold volunteers, being members of the US Army and the Airborne School, as well as the 75th Ranger Regiment.
Due to the lengthy history of the Army Rangers and the degree of honor the title of Ranger conveys, ongoing controversy relating to the actual term ‘Ranger’ has been documented. Different organizations within the military have classified ‘Rangers’ differently which has added to the confusion. The specific uniform of a Ranger has been debated, regarding who has the honor of displaying the official unit scroll and Ranger tab. Even the official beret color has been in contention–up until 2001 the Rangers’ uniform included black berets but that did not properly indicate the Ranger’ exclusive status. Since July 26, 2002 the color has been officially changed to tan. This change also pays homage to the historical significance of the Army Rangers. The tan beret color for modern Rangers now hearkens back to the caps made of buckskin worn during the French and Indian war by the soldiers of the Robert Rogers’ Rangers.